Exegetical Paper of Bible from Luke

Despite appearing only once in the Bible, the parable of the lost son is among the most popular ones used by Jesus in his teachings. Over time the story has grown so popular that many scholars and creative artists use its central theme of grace and forgiveness as their motivation.1 The allegory is about a young man who asked for his inheritance, squandered it, and went back home to ask for forgiveness.2 When his father forgave and welcomed him, his elder brother was appalled. Despite being universally attributed to Jesus of Nazareth, it is unclear whether the story originated with the Messiah himself. Nevertheless, many theologians, and laypersons have found the parables thematic concerns worth investigating. Different scholars examine different aspects of the story, such as the plot, character, settings, pedagogical methods, and lexical-semantic dynamics, to extract the parables full meaning and relevance in contemporary society. This paper will synthesize the literary and historical context and the inferences of the various scholars and theologians to present an analysis that is applicable in the world today.
Contextual Analysis
Literary Context

The book of Luke is one of the four gospels (evangelical) in the bible. The word evangelical was derived from the Greek word Evangelion, which can be loosely translated to mean good news. Luke tries to present Jesus as an ordinary man. This depiction is essential to Lukes authorship style, considering that he was a medical doctor and a physician.3 These professions shaped his writings to have more technical finesse than that of the other evangelists of the New Testament. Many scholars consider Lukes Gospel to be a canonical book because of the authors canonical ties to his mentor, Paul.4 It was received with as much acclaim as the other three gospel books, and it is a representation of Gods plan to redeem humankind.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Exegetical Paper of Bible from Luke
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

The story of the lost son is told as a parable. The definition of the term parable tends to be shallower nowadays than it was in biblical times. However, many scholars and theologians agree that the term is in continual flux and is even more ambiguous today than in the past. A basic definition of the term refers to a compelling story drawn from everyday life to teach listeners a moral or spiritual lesson. Some theologians believe that a parable is a byword for an allegory, a fable, a riddle, or a fable. The parable of the lost son fits into narrative parables, which move beyond simple details to convey a deeper meaning. Some clergymen claim that Jesus used parables in his teachings to keep outsiders guessing while benefitting true followers.5 One needs to understand the mechanics of using parables to convey a message before attempting to analyze Luke 15:11-32. The moral dilemma posed in the parable is designed to persuade the reader to a decision.

It is also noteworthy that Jesus chose his parables by carefully considering the audience and its characteristics. The literary context of the parable of the prodigal son is an excellent example of the particular choice of the literary form of His lesson. At the time of narration, Jesus listeners were a group of tax collectors and other men of little faith. Most of the people present made their livelihoods by supporting oppressive regimes and were hated by other community members. They were seemingly unworthy of forgiveness, such as the prodigal son. Also present were scribes and clergymen who considered themselves pious and who despised the sinners.6 The composition of Jesus audience is interesting because it is used to explain why Jesus chose the parable as the format with which to teach. Further, it becomes possible to understand why he chose the parable of the prodigal son.

Raschko posits that chapter 15 of Lukes book has one primary focus to promote happiness, which people experience when they regain their lost possessions.7 This argument is compelling because the more one reads through Luke 15, the more one realizes that the author continually paints the picture of lost and found possessions. For instance, in this chapter, Jesus also uses the parables of the Lost Sheep and the Lost Coin before he recounts the story of the Lost Son. It does not escape the notice of a keen eye the mathematical relationship between the three parables. The lost sheep strayed from a herd of 100 sheep, the missing coin was part of 10 coins, while the person who collected his inheritance and left was one of two sons.8 The numbers could be pointing to the increased specificity of Jesus teachings as he carries on with his ministry.

One of the challenges that Jesus faced throughout his ministry was the assertion by His critics that he spent too much time with sinners. He regularly fellowshipped with publicans, Pharisees, and sinners in his quest to covert as many people as possible. Considering that the father forgave his son when he came back to him, Jesus was trying to communicate that people should not be too intolerant to other people who are less virtuous than them.

Historical Context
It is unclear when Lukes book was written, but some theologians and historians believe it was authored somewhere between 70 and 75AD. Other scholars argue that the book was penned between 63 and 68.9 Yet other historians are confident that the authorship of the book occurred before Pauls death in 65AD. The assertion underpins the lack of consensus of the exact time of authorship of Lukes book since other scholars claim it occurred between 50 and 60 AD.10 However, one can be reasonably confident that the book was written in the first century AD because it does not mention Pauls death, and neither does the subsequent book of Acts. The death of Paul is too momentous an event for Luke to overlook when writing the book. Therefore, considering that he died in 68AD, it is safe to assume that the book was authored between 50 and 65AD.

What is more precise than the date of the authorship of the book is the writer. It is universally accepted that the Gospel Book was written by Lucas, who is also referred to as Luke. He was likely born in Antioch and was a physician by profession. He was an ardent disciple of Paul besides being a close personal friend of his. Luke was not born a Jew. However, he had such a deep understanding of Judaism that many scholars believe that he was converted into Judaism early in his life. Luke was born too late to have witnessed the gospel first-hand. Thus his account is based on the testimonies of his predecessors, such as Mark.

As an author of a Gospel book, Lukes credibility is underpinned by his capacity to address dignitaries such as the most excellent Theophilus (Lk. 1:3).11 Such titles were conferred to prominent people in society. The fact that Luke was allowed to write him letters was a testament to his status in religious and political realms. Theophilus was the chief magistrate of a Grecian city, and not everyone had access to his office. Delcorno argues that Theophilus is the sponsor behind Lukes ministry financially.12 However, some scholars question his credibility based on his lack of first-hand experience of the life of Jesus and his ministry. Still, some others question the source of the parable, with some suggesting that the parable is Lukes creation since it does not appear in the other Gospel books. Yet others claim that the first part of the fable is the creation of Jesus while Luke finished the second part. Luszczynska posits that the parable in its current version is not direct enough and that its sharpness has been blunted by transmission and translation.13

Exegetical Analysis
The scripture Luke 15:11-32 is known to many as the parable of the prodigal son or the lost sons parable. There are many interpretations of the passage, but one should analyze it exegetically verse by verse for a full comprehension of the message. The following analysis examines the story of a son, his loving father, and a cynical brother.

The story begins with a rebellious son who demands his share of the inheritance. According to the story, a man had two sons, and one day the younger one said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me (v. 12). According to Eng, it was disrespectful to ask for their inheritance if ones father was still alive.14 It was comparable to wishing that your father dies so that you have your freedom. Rimmer and Kristanto agree that this was a disrespectful act to do, and it would disrupt the serenity of a happy family.15 16 Since there was no cash that the father would have handed him in those days, he would have to divide the property. This exposed the father to ridicule since he was still alive. People in the community expected him to disown the rebellious son and exile him. However, the father gave his younger son his share of the property.

After a short while, the son sold all his property and left his homeland, searching for adventure. Jesus narrates, He went far off from his fathers house and wasted his substance on riotous living with harlots (v.13). These actions of rebelliousness are akin to the way people abandon God in pursuit of worldly pleasures. Many theologians compare the lost son to the unbelievers who see the service to God as a killjoy.17 In the contemporary world, the lost sons will abandon the church by keeping away from the ministry and criticizing the legitimacy of the word of God. Also, in the audiences context, the younger son embodies tax collectors rebellious nature and other sinners.

Later, when the son has squandered all his wealth, a great famine hits the land. According to the scripture, When he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want (v.14). He became so impoverished that he offered his services to a new friend, a pig farmer. On the farm, food was so scarce due to the famine that he began sharing food with the pigs. The fact that he offered to work in a pigsty shows how far he had fallen from grace. Pigs were considered to be unclean animals, and those who worked with them in those days would probably have been unwelcome in the temple.

One day, the son remembers that the servants at his fathers farm are treated far better than he was at the pig farm. He resolves to return home and beg his father to hire him as a servant. He mused, How many hired servants of my father have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger. I will arise and go to my father and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, and am no worthier to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. (v.17-19). He knows that he had disrespected his father and did not deserve to be considered his son. By being one of the workers, he would have plenty of food to eat and start working to repay his father. Just like the prodigal son, sinners in the contemporary world have to work for the rest of their lives to earn the grace of God again.18 The priests present would have insisted that the father offers him the job of a manservant.

When he gets home, his father sees him from way off and runs to him, embraces him, kisses him, and welcomes him home. This unexpected twist in the story signifies the loving nature of the father, and Luszczynska compares his actions to Gods forgiving nature.19 One wonders how often the father would have been looking out into the horizon and wishing his son would return to him. In those days, it was unheard of for patriarchs to run. Women and children could, but wealthy men had servants to run errands for them and thus were unaccustomed to physical exertions such as running. Nonetheless, the fathers love for his son was so strong that he could not wait for his son to cover the distance between them. When the lost son apologized and offered to be his fathers hand, the father would have none of it. He orders the servants to clothe him with the best apparel and prepare a feast to celebrate his return.

Plyushko likens the ring he orders for him to the Holy Spirits seal, and the robes were symbolic of the process of restoration that sinners go through when they find their way.20

When the elder son returns from the fields, where he was dutifully working for his father, he is dismayed to learn that his father has selected the fattest calf in the herd to be slaughtered for the returning lost son.21 The son complains that he has never received any appreciation from his father despite serving him dutifully for many years. Many religious scholars liken the elder son to the Pharisees and scribes who were part of the audience. These people took issue with Jesus for dining and fellowshipping with the publicans and sinners. The priests castigate the tax collectors for their sins and their unworthiness before the Lord. While the elder sons anger was understandable, it underpins the unwillingness of pious people to welcome sinners into the presence of the Lord unless they share their beliefs. The elder brother refers to the returning as thy son when addressing his father, which shows his refusal to be a loving elder brother to his returning sibling.

The older brother is unwilling to join the family at the banquet because he feels he is underappreciated. His father tries to convince him to change his mind, going as far as referring to the returning son as your brother to invoke his sons empathy.22 The parable has proven to be ageless since it has been relevant through numerous generations and is still applicable in everyday life. The choice of title for this parable does not shift the focus of the story to the son. Arguably, the title could be changed to The Affectionate Father or The unforgiving brother. The reader quickly knows that this is a story of forgiveness and grace. Nonetheless, the permissibility of the younger sons actions is debatable. Some scholars see the act as unforgivable since it can be construed as the desire of the son to be in control, while others see it as permissible. However, in my opinion, the first argument is more compelling, and it appears that the younger sons decision to return and beg for forgiveness was not sincere. It is the realization that he may starve to death, which drives him back home. Therefore, people should not wait for life to mistreat them to remember that God is waiting for them to reach out.

Despite being less than one page long and recounted only once in the bible, the parable of the prodigal son is an ageless expression of Gods desire to welcome every lost soul into His loving arms. To fully understand the deeper meaning of the scripture in general, and parables in particular, it is important to consider the texts immediate, literary, and historical context. Despite the examination of many scholars and theologians interpretations of the parable, there seems not to be one single interpretation of the parable that takes precedence over all others. However, the main theme revolves around rebellion, jealousy, forgiveness, and grace.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

All samples
Article review
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Research paper
Article review
A Holistic Response to Crime Victimization
View this sample
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Post Covid-19 Economic Recovery
View this sample
Research paper
Final Case Analysis: Organizational Ethical Dilemmas
Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
Business Studies
View this sample
Research paper
Communicable Disease
View this sample
Research paper
Mental health
View this sample

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now

error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code DEADLINE