Health Care System between the U.S. And China
Over the last several years, the issue of the quality of health care services has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because there has been a focus on how these shifts taking place in the population demographic (as a large number of people are becoming older). This will require the different health care systems around the globe, to make adjustments to these kinds of patients they will be serving and their needs. A good example of the overall severity of the problem can be seen by looking at a study that was conducted by the National Institute of Health. They found that there are currently 500 million people who are age 65 or older (worldwide). By the year 2030, this number is expected to increase to 1 billion or 1 out of every 8 people. (“Why Aging Population Matters,” 2007) This is significant, because it shows the underlying challenges that all nations must wrestle with when trying to addressing this problem. In the case of the U.S. And China, this could be particularly challenging, as both countries are struggling to maintain strong economic growth and tackle this issue. To fully understand the overall scope of the problem requires comparing the two health systems with how they can address the needs of the elderly population. To achieve this objective a number of different elements will be examined including: analyzing the Roemer Model of Health Services, each country’s health care system (based upon this model), the costs to provide these services, how they are delivered in each country, the advantages / disadvantages of each, the impact of Advanced Practice Nurses and identifying nonprofit organizations that support these goals in each nation. Together, these different elements will provide the greatest insights, as to the underlying challenges facing both health care systems in the future.
Define the Roemer Model of Health Services. Provide a summary description of the each component of this model.
The Roemer Model of Health Services is when you are looking at the total health care needs of the population. You would then examine various factors to decide the health outcome (based upon these various aspects). This is accomplished through analyzing a number of different elements to include: resources, management, organization, economic support and service delivery. Resources are when you are looking at the total amount of resources that are available in the health care system. Management is when you are examining how these different resources are being administered. Organization is when you are studying how the system is organized. Economic support is when you are analyzing the various economic factors that could have an effect on the health care system. Service delivery is when looking at the total quality of services that are being provided. These different elements are important, because it helps to specifically identify the needs of the population and how the current health care system is addressing these issues. Once this takes place, it will provide a greater understanding of the health care system and any kind of underlying challenges it could be facing. (“Health Systems,” n.d.)
Provide a description of the U.S. And China’s healthcare systems based on Roemer’s Model.
In the case of the United States the different resources, management and organizations are based upon a mixture of public as well as private entities that are providing these services. Where, it is the combination of these different programs working together to address the needs of each patient. Economic support is based upon the individual paying for a certain amount of health care services. At the same time, there is the use of private health insurance and select government programs (to cover all of the different expenses). The delivery of services is provided through a combination of: the individual, insurance and certain government programs paying for them. Where, they are provided through private or nonprofit health organizations. These different elements are important, because they are showing how the blending of these factors is used to provide everyone in the U.S., with various health care services. (Frances, 2005, pp. 51 — 60)
In the case of China, there is an emphasis on the government providing these different services to everyone. Using the Roemer Model, this means that they are directly involved in every single aspect of health care including: resources, management, organization, economic support and service delivery. These elements are important, because they are showing how in this health system, there is more centralized control over how these services are delivered (with limited privatization). (“Health Care in China,” 2006)
What is the cost to provide healthcare in both countries?
In the United States, the per capita costs for health care services are $6,714 or 15.3% of the total GDP. While in China, the health care costs are: $90.00 per capita or 4.5% of their GDP. This is important, because it is showing how the U.S. is spending more money on health care. (“Opportunities in the Health Care Sector,” 2006)
Define the vulnerable population and how health care is provided to this population in both the U.S. And China’s health care systems.
The most vulnerable population is: those individuals who are age 65 and over. The way health care is provided to this group (in the United States) is through a combination of government programs (such as: Medicare) and the use of private health insurance. (Frances, 2005, pp. 51 — 60) in China, there have been limited amounts of privatization (such as the introduction of some private health insurance plans). However, for the most part the government will play a central role in determining how health care is provided to this group of the population.
(“Opportunities in the Health Care Sector,” 2006)
Identify the elderly population health care coverage advantages and disadvantages for each country.
In the United States, the biggest advantages for the elderly population are: they have access to some of the most cutting edge procedures, there is large number of choices about health care providers and the elderly can be able to receive effective treatment for a host of conditions. The drawbacks include: the individual must pay a larger burden of expenses, various programs have restrictions upon the kinds of services that are being received and the underlying costs are continuing to increase. (Frances, 2005, pp. 51 — 60)
In the case of China, the different advantages include: lower costs for health care services and there is little to no financial obligations on the individual. The various disadvantages include: a lack of access to basic care (especially in rural parts of the country), there is limited choice and the different services could be subject to rationing. (“Opportunities in the Health Care Sector,” 2006)
Identify the impact of Advanced Practice Nurses (APN) for the provision of care in both countries. If APNs are not used in China, what is the role of the RN in this country?
In the United States, Advanced Practice Nurses (APNs) are used to help improve the overall quality of care that is being provided in primary health care facilities. This encompasses 200 thousand nurses, who can provide advanced knowledge and experience at a host of facilities around the country. This is important, because it shows how there is an emphasis for nurses to have some kind of advanced degree, to improve the underlying levels of treatment. (“More About RN’s,” 2011)
In China, they are taking a similar approach when it comes to APNs. However, the total number is considerably smaller with 24.0% of the total nurses having the APN designation. This is important, because it shows how there is an emphasis on improving the knowledge and experience of nurses. (“Advanced Practice Nurses,” 2010)
Identify global or philanthropic organizations that support the economic or health care development in each country. Summarize the type of support that is provided.
In the United States there are number of nonprofit organizations that support the health care system. These include: the American Lung Association, the American Heart Association, the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, the Diabetes Research Institute Foundation, the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research, National Jewish Health Foundation and the National Multiple Sclerosis Foundation just to name a few. These different organizations provide economic support through: the constant funding of various conditions. At the same time, they help to sustain the health system through increased education and research. This is important, because it showing how nonprofit organizations are working with the public and private sector, to deliver a host of health care services (either directly or indirectly). (“Top Rated Charities,” 2011)
In China, there are a number of different nonprofit organizations that are helping to address issues affecting the health care system. However, these different groups are mainly based outside of the country. A few most notable include: the Carnegie Foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Abbott Foundation. That being said, over the last several years there has been an emphasis on establishing Chinese-based non-profits, to address the underlying challenges facing the health care sector. A good example of this can be seen with popular Chinese talk show host Yang Lang donating $72 million, to start his own foundation to: help support and develop the health care system. This is important, because it shows how both international and domestic-based non-profits are addressing these underlying problems facing the health care sector. (Dobryzski, 2010)
Clearly, the biggest challenges facing the health care systems in the United States and China are vastly different. Yet, they are also wrestling with similar problems, as they face the issue of increasing numbers in the elderly population. In the case of the United States, this is challenging because there are a variety of disadvantages that must be addressed to include: they have access to some of the most cutting edge procedures, there is large number of choices about health care providers and the elderly can be able to receive effective treatment for a host of conditions. Some of the advantages include: the individual must pay a larger burden of expenses, various programs have restrictions upon the kinds of services that are being received and the underlying costs are continuing to increase. This is important, because it shows how the U.S. health system can address many of the underlying challenges facing this population demographic. While simultaneously; providing a number of different benefits that can help to address the needs of this group. In the case of China, they have a number of drawbacks as far as their health care system is concerned to include: lack of access to basic care (especially in rural parts of the country), there is limited choice and the different services could be subject to rationing. A few of the different benefits include: lower costs for health care services and there is little to no financial obligations on the individual. When you put these different elements together, this is highlighting the underlying challenges and possible advantages facing both countries when it comes to addressing these issues. As both are dealing with their own unique problems associated with their health care system. It is through understanding these differences and similarities that provides the greatest insights, as to how these underlying challenges can be addressed in the future.
Advanced Practice Nurses. (2010). Bukisa. Retrieved from: http://www.bukisa.com/articles/352958_advanced-practice-nurses-a-global-role
Health Systems. (n.d.). WHO. Retrieved from: gis.emro.who.int/HealthSystemObservatory/…/Conceptual%20frameworks. Ppt Health Care in China. (2006). IBM. Retrieved from: http://www-05.ibm.com/de/healthcare/downloads/healthcare_china.pdf
More About RN’s. (2011). ANA. Retrieved from: http://www.nursingworld.org/especiallyforyou/studentnurses/rnsapns.aspx
Opportunities in the Health Care Sector. (2006). Grail Research. Retrieved from: http://www.grailresearch.com/pdf/ContenPodsPdf/Opportunities_in_the_China_Healthcare_Sector.pdf
Top Rated Charities. (2011). Charity Watch. Retrieved from: http://www.charitywatch.org/toprated.html#health
Why Aging Population Matters. (2007). National Institute of Health. Retrieved from: http://www.nia.nih.gov/NR/rdonlyres/9E91407E-CFE8-4903-9875-D5AA75BD1D50/0/WPAM.pdf
Dobryzski. J. (2010). Philanthropy in China. Judith Dobryzksi. Retrieved from: http://www.judithdobrzynski.com/3009/philanthropy-in-china
Frances, M. (2005). The United States Health Care System. Community / Public Health Nursing Practice. (pp. 51 — 60). St. Louis, MO: Ensliver.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.
Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.
Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.
Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.
Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.
Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.
We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.
Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.
You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.
Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.
Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.
You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.
You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.
Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.
We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.
We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.
We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.
Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!
Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality
Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.
We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.
We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.
We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.
We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.