The idea of predictive policing is gaining much prominence among law enforcement agencies. With dwindling budgets and a struggle to fight crime, police departments across the nation have the challenge of deploying police officers in areas or locations where crime is likely to occur. The application of information technology use in optimizing police department’s performance in reducing crime is critical to random patrols of the streets. Therefore, police departments should enhance their efforts to systematically predict where and when crimes are likely to occur depends on how well they deploy their resources
The application of information technology is critical to raising the performance levels of police departments. The benefits of incorporating information technology systems in fighting crime are very cost effective. Police department in responding to the immense forces of change, such as globalization, changing demographics, emerging environmental issues, growing threats of stability, and increasing expectations from the public on policing services and results, must apply information technology systems. By increasingly using information technology, increases access to information and transparency, aggregating the populace data across law enforcement agencies, providing holistic perspective of the population behaviour, and integrating predictive analyses (Willis, Mastrofski, & Weisburd, 2007).
Therefore, increased application of information systems in fighting and predicting crime is related to the core business of police department in achieving desired results of crime reduction. Information systems thus helps law enforcement agencies to make appropriate decisions, achieve mission objectives, analyze system results, and reduce operating costs. Application of information systems offers solutions to address the key strategic challenges facing law enforcement agencies, to protect the nation and its citizens, and managing the overall police performance. Information technology provides a combination of deep industry expertise, comprehensive hardware portfolio, software and services together with a proven methodology to develop strategies and solutions with an actionable roadmap (DeLorenzi, Shane, & Amendola, 2006).
Information technology definitely increases the engagement of community members and the police, thus the increasing interaction encourage public participation which is a protective factor against crime. The use of ICT tools such as message boards and listservs enhances collaborative problem solving, and broadening participation. Technology though, is not a substitute to face to face interaction between law enforcement agencies and criminal activities. Too much expectation on information technology as a problem solving tool can immensely inflate expectations for information technology projects. Willis, Mastrofski, & Weisburd, (2007) argue that the information technology installed is not immune from problems. Use of information systems does not solve past occurrences of crime, nor eliminate barriers of participation; they can instead turn out be just a means of transferring data. Information technology tends to view crime like weather, or as some occurrence that just happens instead of a series of human decisions and people’s actions.
According to Willis, Mastrofski, & Weisburd, (2007), COMPSTAT is a predictive information technology model that uses Geographic Information System (GIS) to map crime locations, identifying crime hotspots, and problem areas. CompStat model is a management process within a performance management platform that analyses crime and disorder data, strategic problem solving, an an accountability structure. It is a system that facilitates timely and accurate crime analysis. And it is used to study crime patterns and various problems. The analyses generate customized responses which are implemented through appropriate and rapid deployment of resources and personnel. Its accountability structure is important to ensuring that the analysis is acted upon, and responses affected appropriately. It also assesses if the responses are effective and efficient in reducing crime. Geographic Information systems (GIS) provides search strategies that employs computerized crime mapping, crime analysis, CompStat, geographic profiling, criminal and offender profiling, hotspots identification, spatial analysis, geocoding, and geospatial analysis (Willis, Mastrofski, & Weisburd, 2007)..
This is a data driven management model called CompStat, it known for decreasing crime and enhancing the quality of life of New Yorkers for almost the last decade. This process, as an information system is guided by the four principles of input, processing, output, and feedback.
DeLorenzi, Shane, & Amendola, (2006) argue that for knowing what is happening by gathering accurate and timely intelligence, the sources of data will be from official sources, such as calls for service, crime, and arrests data. This primary data should be available real-time so as to provide crime maps, trends, and other analysis products. The command personnel use these information products to to know which crime problems need to be addressed.
To have a plan need effective tactics that relies on previous successes, and appropriate resources. The command personnel and other law enforcement officers plan tactics that respond well to the identified crime problems. These tactics may include law enforcement, government, and community partners (DeLorenzi, Shane, & Amendola, 2006).
Rapid deployment implies do it quickly which is contrary to the traditional policing of reactive model. If the tactics are deployed in a timely manner, then CompStat deploys resources to places where there is current crime. This results to heading of the problem before it escalates or continues.
Assessment and follow up involves if it has worked, the do more of it, otherwise do something else. CompStat has platform for checking on the success of the present and past strategies in resolving the identified problems. This feedback strategy is excellent for problem solving focused on crime reduction, and provides intelligence on how to improve present and future planning and deployment of resources (Firman, 2003).
The New York Police Department introduced techniques of predictive policing in 1994. CompStat has amassed immense wealth of historical crime data. Mathematicians came with a number of algorithms that run against past historical data to forecast on the nature of future crimes for police departments. Predictive policing has seen a significant drop in rates of crime such as car thefts, burglaries, and many other kinds of crimes in neighbourhoods. The goals of the system are to increase accountability, improve the performance of police departments, and their service outcomes.
The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of police departments that would wish to implement the predictive policing model. The strengths lay in the traditional policing model expertise which CompStat is supposed to compliment. The opportunities are the vast crime intelligence generated and the need to broaden participation of community. The weaknesses could be difficulties in implementing CompStat, as police departments may implement just as a means to convey data. The threats may be acceptability by the conservative police officers who prefer traditional policing approach (Willis, Mastrofski, & Weisburd, 2007).
Law enforcement agencies including police departments have the mandate to improve public safety by engaging in addressing crime and terrorists activities. In applying information systems helps them to integrate data to provide a wholesome view of the persons, objects, locations, and events. This helps in reducing the time needed to conclude investigations, implementing accountability programs to improve police departments performance, defining and discovering criminal and threat related patterns, considering both historical and future senses.
DeLorenzi, D., Shane, J, & Amendola, K. (2006). The CompStat process: Managing performance on the pathway to leadership. The Police Chief, 73 (9).
Firman, J.R. (2003). Deconstructing CompStat to clarify its intent. Criminology & Public Policy, 2 (3), 457-460.
Willis, J.J., Mastrofski, S.D. & Weisburd, D. (2007). Making sense of CompStat: A theory-based analysis of organizational change in three police departments. Law & Society Review, 41 (1), 147-188.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
Essay Writing Service Features
Our ExperienceNo matter how complex your assignment is, we can find the right professional for your specific task. Deadline Essay is an essay writing company that hires only the smartest minds to help you with your projects. Our expertise allows us to provide students with high-quality academic writing, editing & proofreading services.
Free revision policy$10
Free bibliography & reference$8
Free title page$8
How Our Essay Writing Service Works
First, you will need to complete an order form. It's not difficult but, in case there is anything you find not to be clear, you may always call us so that we can guide you through it. On the order form, you will need to include some basic information concerning your order: subject, topic, number of pages, etc. We also encourage our clients to upload any relevant information or sources that will help.Complete the order form
Once we have all the information and instructions that we need, we select the most suitable writer for your assignment. While everything seems to be clear, the writer, who has complete knowledge of the subject, may need clarification from you. It is at that point that you would receive a call or email from us.Writer’s assignment
As soon as the writer has finished, it will be delivered both to the website and to your email address so that you will not miss it. If your deadline is close at hand, we will place a call to you to make sure that you receive the paper on time.Completing the order and download