Paul is the only apostle of Jesus who was elected in a different way from all the others. His distinguishing mark is that he did not walk with Jesus during Jesus days on earth. Instead, Paul encountered the risen Christ long after Jesus had ascended to heaven. There is no evidence therefore that Paul ever got to listen to Jesus as he taught his disciples as well as the crowds that turned out in most of his public appearances. For this reason, controversy has been rife in recent times over the extent to which Paul actually knew of the teachings of Jesus. The fact that Paul started preaching about Jesus soon after his encounter with Him without being taught of the latters teachings seems to give credence to this school of thought. It was not until after three years that Paul got an opportunity to meet the people who had actually been with Jesus during the days of his ministry on earth (Galatians 2:1).
However, a closer look at Pauls teachings and his many letters reveal the fact that Paul actually knew a lot about the teachings of Jesus. Paul lived at a time when the teachings of Christ had to be interpreted in the light of Gods plan for mankind so that both the Jews and gentiles could begin to understand why God did what he had done. He was to set a firm foundation on which the church could be built. Additionally, the church was grappling with several issues key among them the law as well as the place of the Gentiles in the kingdom of God, and the cultural questions among others. Paul had to address these issues in his teachings. This made his circumstances different from those that existed in the days of Jesus. This could explain the differences in their approach even though the cumulative message was the same.
This paper seeks to closely examine Pauls ministry in an effort to establish whether Paul knew the teachings of Jesus or whether his teachings were merely liturgical traditions.
Pauls teaching as well as his writings have a pivotal role in the teaching of the Christian doctrine. Comparing the teachings of Jesus and the teachings of Paul as presented in different books of the bible, this paper asserts that Paul not only knew of the person of Jesus but was also adequately and sufficiently familiar with his teaching.
This paper delves into a close examination of the synoptic gospels, the book of the Acts of the Apostles, which relates the Christian churchs events during the first century period, as well as the work of the apostles in spreading the faith. Any examination of this sort cannot however be complete without looking into Paulines letters. Particularly, this paper will examine several key passages in the bible including the Eucharistic passage in 1 Corinthians 11:23-25, Romans 12:14-21, where Paul amplifies the teachings of Jesus as documented in the book of Luke 6:27-29 as well as in the beatitudes in Mathew 5. The third passage will be Romans 13:8-10 and Galatians 5:14 where Pauls writings are similar to the teachings of Jesus in mark 12:28-34. Pauls use of the expressions of the kingdom of God justification and righteousness will also be examined. Any scholarly paper will not be completed without considering the past studies on the subject of interest. Therefore the opinions of other commentators, as well as scholars, will be used to guide the opinion of this paper.
The Eucharistic passage 1 Corinthians 11:23-25
This passage gives what is perhaps the clearest evidence of Pauls knowledge of not only the teaching of Christ but also the goings-on in Jesus ministry on earth.
This passage is recorded in the synoptic gospels and the events described took place in the physical presence of Jesus a few hours before he was betrayed and arrested. These events were given a high status when Jesus declared that his followers should continue with that tradition in remembrance of Him. Paul reflects on the events of that historic evening as he drives home a deeper point about the significance of Jesus actions on the church in Corinth. This passage fitted seamlessly with the message that Paul was communicating at that particular time. The passage in Pauls writing demonstrates the depth of knowledge Paul had on Jesus teachings. He was not only familiar with these events but also their meaning in the life of a Christian (Victor Paul F. (1993). He thus uses this to teach others about the right motivation and ethics for a Christian. Using different words, Paul communicates the same message that all the other apostles preached and his arguments and his cumulative teachings parallel that of his master Jesus.
The second passage Romans 12:14-21
This passage is also very much in step with Christs teaching. In one of his popular teachings recorded in Luke 6:27-29 and Mathew 5; Jesus taught his followers how to line with each other and the conduct that is appropriate for the sons of God. This is in stark contrast with the Old Testament teaching of an eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth
This teaching finds its way into Pauls teachings again as proof of his knowledge of Jesus teachings. Paul uses the moral of the teaching as a basis of his teaching on the appropriate lifestyle for Christian households. His message to the Roman church is meant to shed light on the way that Christians ought to transform their lives in order to acquire a new character in line with the teaching of Jesus. Paul echoes the sayings of Jesus with the purpose of encouraging the early converts to acquire Christ-like attitudes towards other human beings (Meier, John P. (1991). In calling people to refrain from revenge, Paul is directly stating the express position taken by Jesus in this matter. Here he is simply reminding his listeners of what Jesus wanted with their lives.
Paul seemed to clearly identify the sayings of Jesus and in different instances made clear distinctions on what was the actual teaching of the lord and what was his own opinion in matters that were disputable (1 Corinthians 7) it is therefore safe to assume that in all instances Paul knew and considered this passage to be the teaching of Jesus.
The fourth passage
Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:6.
In these two passages, Paul acknowledges the sonship of Jesus and Christs teaching about the Holy Spirit. In the gospel, the spirit clearly comes upon Jesus at baptism and stays with him throughout his ministry.
Before Jesus ascended to heaven he promised to send the gift of the Holy Spirit to his followers. The said spirit was poured out to the disciple on the day of Pentecost were upon which their disciples and more apparent the apostles gained the courage to start proclaiming the message of the risen Christ. This marked the beginning of the Christian movement. Paul was absent during these events.
The fact that he so clearly speaks of this spirit and especially alluding to its origin in the risen Jesus says a lot about his grasp of the teachings of Jesus. Throughout his writings, Paul demonstrates his knowledge of the fundamental purpose of Jesus teachings. He goes further than just repeating these sayings but endeavors to interpret both the context as well as the motive behind the sayings. The sayings must be interpreted to the new converts who formed the bulk of his audience became of the changed circumstance following Jesus accession to heaven.
The kingdom of God terminology
It is widely known that the kingdom of God was a terminology that was often on Jesus lips. It also goes without saying that the topic of the kingdom of God was one of Jesus pet topics. He spoke about the kingdom of God in various ways and at different times. He told in parables about this and asked his disciples to pray for the kingdom to come. In other times Jesus used the kingdom of God and the church interchangeably (Matthew 16: 19)
It is therefore remarkable that outside the synoptic gospels and Pauline letters, this terminology is almost never used.
How comes Paul used the same terminology not once or twice but eight times in his various letter? This is hardly mere confidence. Paul was clearly following in the footsteps of Jesus and could not miss using terminology that was so close to his masters heart. At one point when Paul desired to instruct the church about the matter of eating as a congregation, he told the people that the kingdom of God is more than just eating and drinking. (Romans 14:17) he calls the church to therefore not put too much emphasis on what one ate or drank at the expense of other spiritual issues of greater importance. It is easy to imagine that Jesus himself would have done the same. The use of this terminology, therefore, depicts Paul as a keen follower of Christ who taught and wrote on the basis of the sayings of Christ.
Some critics use the argument that Paul tends to use the language of justification as well as righteousness instead of the kingdom. This argument is used to discredit Paul. It is undeniable that under the spirits guidance, Paul seemed to have developed his own rhythm in teaching about the will of God after Jesus death and resurrection. The fact that Paul was an apostle of Jesus did not necessarily deny him the right to independent thought or originality. Additionally, the terminology the kingdom acquired a whole new dimension after the death and eventual resurrection of Jesus before Jesus death the kingdom was yet to be revealed, it was near (Matthew 4:17). After the rising of Christ and the subsequent events that culminated in the establishment of the first church, the kingdom was unveiled to the Jews and later to the gentles in Acts of the Apostles 10. According to Kim, the post-resurrection circumstances necessitated Pauls use of this language characterized by transition from the earthly Jesus to the risen Jesus (Kim, S. 1993).
Others assert that Pauls choices of words only reveal a continuation of the work of Jesus (Philip F. Esler., (2003). It is agreed that the work of Jesus took a turn after the events during and after the crucifixion. The continuation of the work required persons like Paul to expound on the implication of Jesus life and work.
Moreover, it was not required nor was it necessary for Paul to restrict himself to just a few terminologies that Jesus used in order to be seen to know the words of Jesus. Paul was free to use the language that he felt his audience could understand and a language he felt was appropriate at the time. Paul was a creative speaker and it would be unfair to judge his teachings on the basis of mere words. It is prudent to closely examine their core messages and realize that it is the same message.
Words of the lord references
Paul proclaimed that his knowledge of Christ was through revelation by Christ himself through his spirit. Together with the reflection of Old Testament scriptures, Paul was aided to come to the knowledge of both the teachings of the earthly Jesus and the risen Jesus. In reference to the saying of Jesus, Paul severally made a distinction between the words of the lord and his own opinions. Many scholars have spent much time contemplating the authenticity of Pauls interpretation of scriptures as well as matter that could not be described as black and white. This concern is unnecessary for two reasons; Paul himself never tried to even seem to elevate himself beyond Jesus and indeed sought to clarify matters whenever he was expressing his own opinion. Secondly, Paul was an important apostle who played a pivotal role in the in establishing churches in different places in the first century. His contribution to the New Testament is without a doubt crucial. He, therefore, had the necessary authority to speak as he did. The most important thing is that the general message as well as what Paul claimed to be was actually true.
In six different instances, Paul used the expression words of the lord these are in 1 Corinthians 7:10-11 where Paul declares that those words were the lords (Jesus) and he (Paul) was just communicating his masters message. This is in contrast with 1 Corinthians 7:12 where Paul turns things around and declares that now what he was saying was his opinion on the matter at hand (with the spirits guidance of course). It is important to note that Jesus in his life never had to address an exact situation as Paul was addressing at this particular moment. Secondly, Pauls opinion cannot be termed to be contradicting the overall teaching of Jesus. Rather his opinion is in tandem with the cumulative teaching of Jesus.
In 1 Corinthian 11:23-25; 9:14; 14:37 Paul is just but quoting the sayings of the earthly Jesus. He is echoing the sayings of Jesus uttered during the days of his ministry. Paul was telling the people that they should know that the things he was preaching were not his own but the Lords. He adopts an almost defensive position here. It is like he is saying I did not say it the lord did: you have got to obey it. This is a clear indication that Paul knew Jesus words very well and could differentiate them from anothers sayings including his own.
In 2 Corinthians 12:9 and 1 Thessalonians 4: 15-17 Paul is clearly talking about the risen Jesus. Paul claimed to have had different revelations and even conversations in the spirit with the risen Jesus. One such a time was during the events that culminated in his conversion in the book of Acts of the Apostles. In 2 Corinthians 12:9 he refers to a conversation he had with Jesus about a thorn in his flesh and the lords response, this event happened way after Paul had converted to Christianity. He therefore could not have had the conversation with the earthly Jesus. In the same way, in 1 Thessalonians 4: 15-17, Paul also clearly speaking about the risen Christ.
These latter scriptures demonstrate the fact that not only was Paul familiar with the teachings of Jesus he also was in constant communion with the risen Christ. Zealous scholars have been quick to point that Paul had little interest in the earthly lord (Philip F. Esler., (2003). However, this argument does not really hold because many more are the instances where Paul has eloquently used the sayings of earthly Jesus in his teachings.
Teaching about the second coming of Jesus. Matthew 24:36-44, 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3
One of the topics of interest in the New Testament was about the second coming of Jesus. Jesus broached the subject and aroused much interest in peoples hearts. They wanted to be told when He would be coming back to rule over the world. As a matter of fact, many had expected the messiah to be a worldly king who would conquer the bad rulers and deliver them from the lands of oppression. They were disappointed. They, therefore, wanted to know when He would come to release them from this yoke of an oppressive empire. Jesus without mincing words declared that the day was unknown. Not to Him and no to the angels but only to God. This subject was to become the subject of deceit and false prophesy after Jesus ascended to heaven. Paul stands out of this deceit to echo the words of Christ about His second coming. In 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3, Paul admonishes the followers of Christ not to overly concern themselves with the question of Jesus second coming because the day was unknown. He instead advised them to keep watch, to be alert, and self-controlled. (1 Thessalonians 5:6). This is exactly the same as what Jesus taught. It goes a long way into showing that Paul was adequately knowledgeable with the sayings of the earthly Jesus albeit the fact that there is no evidence that he had ever met Him. Paul had Jesus teachings in his heart and used them to teach and instruct people in the will of God.
Teaching on giving. Luke 21:1-4, 2 Corinthians 8
Giving offerings is a calling that is as old as the Old Testament. God required people to give different kinds of offerings and sacrifices. The teaching about giving has endured throughout the bible. It is worth noting that there is a difference between the giving in the Old Testament and the teaching on the same in the New Testament. The Old Testament has very specific and quantifiable standards on giving while Jesus stressed that the right attitude was crucial. Jesus, therefore, took not of the poor widows giving and extolled her because she gave out of her poverty. The same attitude is seen in Paul who extols the Macedonian church for giving out of their extreme poverty. Jesus introduced a higher standard where giving is not just about the 10 percent or even about the amount for that matter but it was to him a matter of the heart. It was intertwined with the issue of faith. Paul when speaking about the Macedonian churches has a similar attitude and his description of these churches; that their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity parallels the poor widow whom Jesus so praised. The similarity in both Jesus and Pauls attitudes on the matter of giving is remarkable.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.
Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.
Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.
Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.
Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.
Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.
We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.
Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.
You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.
Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.
Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.
You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.
You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.
Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.
We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.
We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.
We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.
Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!
Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality
Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.
We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.
We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.
We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.
We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.