When women go to work in male dominated jobs, a clear message is given to them that they are not fit for the long hours and the organizational loyalty that the job requires due to the tug of children and the demand of family obligations. Many organizations, including hospitals put loyalty tests like long work hours to find out whether the employees will be able to meet the requirements of business. The main section where these hurt is the women employees. In the course of time, one can see men moving up the organizations much faster than women as the family obligations of women affect their job opportunities seriously. This restricts for the women a chance to get visible and revenue producing jobs with a brilliant career.
The 1997 National Study of Changing workforce dealt with the composition of jobs and the frequency levels of the work getting into the home. This was found to depend a lot on attitudes, and there the main argument was that the spill over between work and obligations to the family is generally a control for the women which does not depend n the type of work environment to which they are attached. It has been found that when women take up jobs which are generally taken up by males, there was a high perception to the women of the conflict between the conflict of work and family. It is seen that where the jobs are male-dominated, the conflict between work and family is a part of the message that women receive from the society that are not in possession of the required commitment for success in the present day, male dominated society. Women would face more tension due to shuttling between work and family than males. (Maume; Houston, 2001)
Another reflection of the problems of women in work is due to emergency child care, which is different from ordinary child care. The problems regarding this take place in the staying back at home to take care of the child when both the parents are supposed to be busy at work. There also nowadays changes are taking place over time in the responses to the answers to that question. It is interesting to look at the extent to which men are willing to place on the limits of their careers due to the family. Men’s acceptance or rejection of interesting job responsibilities, promotion in jobs, etc. due to the restrictions of the family may be looked at carefully. The reason for looking at these questions is to determine whether the new fathers of the present time have really changed and become more family conscious. There is a lot of talk going on about that right now.
When we come down specifically to the question of female physicians, it is generally known that they generally do not work as many hours as physicians. This question has been looked at by the American Association of Physicians committee on pediatric workforce, and also its subcommittee of women in pediatrics. The term productivity here can be interpreted in many ways and is also measured in a number of ways. The study was conducted through the number of hours worked of the 6,711 general pediatricians who had replied to the surveys by the association during the years of 1992 to 1998. The data which came out showed that female pediatricians were like their colleagues in other specialties, and they also worked less number of hours than their male colleagues. The revealed figures stated that female pediatricians worked for 40.4 hours on direct patient care as against the 49.7 hours spent by the male pediatricians for the same purpose. (Female pediatricians work full-time equivalent hours)
The analysis revealed the same results when the total hours per week worked were compared. Female pediatricians had an average of 44 hours as compared to 54 hours for the male pediatricians. Thus one can say that there is a general tendency among the female physicians to work for a lower number of hours than the male pediatricians. That analysis however does not lead to the women pediatricians in making a lesser effort in their work than the males. Through the use of that 40 hours n a week of patient care as the basis for a full-time equivalent for a female pediatrician by the Health Resources and Services Administration, it is shown that the average general pediatrician still is a full scale pediatrician, irrespective of being male or female. More than 85% of the male pediatricians and 59% of the female general pediatricians spend a minimum of 40 hours per week in general patient care. (Female pediatricians work full-time equivalent hours)
The survey data also reflects on the peak efficiency of the women and that is shown to be during the ages of 51 and 60. There were the surveys numbered 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34 and 35 that were completed between 1992 and 1998. The surveys were done on the basis of the mail sent to a random sample of 1,600 members of AAP in the United States. The general response was about 69%. The data given above are based on the response of 6,711 pediatricians who were busy for 75% of their time in general pediatrics. They had all finished their residency training and practice in a single or two physician practices at non-profit health center, in the pediatric group or a multi-specialty group. They were not in medical schools or hospitals. (Female pediatricians work full-time equivalent hours)
At the same time, it is clear that the number of women doctors is increasing at a very sharp rate. Lynn C. Epstein, MD had graduated from John Hopkins Medical School in 1968 and at that time doctors like her were rare. The ratio of women doctors were then only about 7%. After thirty eight years, she is a clinical professor emeritus for psychiatry and community health at Brown University and during this period has seen a lot of change. In today’s world about one quarter of the doctors are women. The position in future is clearer as about half of the medical students are women as per the information available with the American Medical Association. The ratio of women doctors in the total is expected to rise from about a quarter to a third by 2010. The coming in of a lot of women in the profession has changed not only the composition of the profession but also the style of patient care. Epstein is the president of the American Medical Women’s Association and according to her “As physicians, women have made an enormous contribution in understanding that there are diseases that affect women disproportionately, and differently. They’ve begun to get the message out that female patients have different needs that are legitimate and should be met.” (Flooding the Field)
Two of the best examples of women involved in the change of the healthcare agenda are the creation of the National Institute of Health’s Office of Research on Women’s Health and the Women’s Health Initiative. The second named has conducted the largest clinical trial ever undertaken in the U.S.A. regarding the benefits of hormone replacement therapy. This was not the situation when Epstein had first started practicing, and at that stage women were excluded from trials. There were concerns about the possible risks through undiagnosed pregnancies and thus unknown children. For both male and female patients also have had a difference due to the women doctors, as they have a general tendency to spend a lot more time with their patients and thus take care of prevention. Most women also prefer to have women doctors. At the same time, they earn less than their male counterparts – about $120,000 a year in 2000. This is about $75,000 less than the male doctors. This is not a reflection that most women go into primary care, work a lower number of hours than males and generally do not own their practices. (Flooding the Field)
There is also a glass ceiling in academic medicine, and there was a study by the Association of American Medical Colleges had found that in the course of 15 years, the proportion of the medical faculty who had become full professors had gone up by just 1% to a grand total of 11%. Not many of them are also in the administrative ranks. There are only nine female deans in the 126 medical schools in the country, and only 241 ladies head departments out of the total 2,700 positions that are available in the country. The main reason for women not being available in academics is a lot due to the considerations of the family and that is one of the main considerations. Apart from the positioning consideration, they have a need to look after family concerns and that has definitely left a mark on the healthcare workplace. (Flooding the Field)
One of the new things that this has given birth to is the flexible and part-time schedules for work which did not exist about ten years earlier. Holly Novak, MD had given up an interventional cardiology practice at one stage and the reason was that it disturbed her duties as a single adoptive mother. She has now grown to be the director of Cardiac Rehabilitation and Prevention Center and the Women’s Health Program at St. John Hospital in Springfield. She feels that practices have to adapt to the needs of female physicians. Some types of medicine are more easily adjusted to flexible schedules than others and that may be one of the main reasons for a lot of women being in primary care. Internal medicine gives women a lot of flexibility as there are many different types of situations for job and work. On the other hand, a surgeon definitely needs an operating room. (Flooding the Field)
It seems very difficult for women to see the same number of patients as men, and this was demonstrated in the case of Melissa Garretson, MD. She tried seeing the same number of patients every day as her male pediatrician colleagues, but could not take the pace, and now she operates in the same schedule as her colleagues, but sees 5 to 20 lesser patients every day. She works in a five-member practice at Fort Worth, Texas and says “I am at my comfort level with my schedule. I spend more time with my patients and have more lunches to myself. I have a tight schedule, but it is realistic. If you ask my patients whether they wait for Dr. Garretson, they will say, ‘No’.” It is seen in general that women physicians work about 7 to 13% less number of hours than men and also see corresponding fewer patients. (A quest for balance)
Total of averaging working per week is dropping a fall by two hours during the course of the course the last ten yester day. The time spent by the male physicians are 56 hours in 1999 and the women physicians was only 49, and the case of patients visits for male doctors, the figure for male doctors was 100 per doctor while for women it was 86. Often it is clearly seen that women tend to listen closely to complaints and give a lot of freedom to the patience to ask questions. This is probably the reason why these doctors are less likely to be sued. (A quest for balance) Thus there is a fundamental difference between women and men medical doctors. The clear reduction of working hours is what the doctors need, and this is probably the best method for stopping the burnout.
Female pediatricians work full-time equivalent hours: AAP survey” Retrieved at http://www.aap.org/research/periodicsurvey/ps20_35.htm. Accessed on 31 July, 2004
Flooding the Field” (August, 2003) Retrieved at http://www.healthleaders.com/magazine/feature1.php?contentid=47255Accessed on 31 July, 2004
Greene, Jay. (May 14, 2001) “A quest for balance: Personal vs. professional” AM News. Retrieved at http://www.ama-assn.org/amednews/2001/05/14/prsa0514.htm. Accessed on 31 July, 2004
Maume, David J; Houston, Paula. (2001) “Job Segregation and gender differences in work-family spillover among white-collar workers” Journal of Family and Economic Issues. Volume: 22; No: 2; pp: 171-189
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.
Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.
Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.
Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.
Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.
Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.
We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.
Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.
You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.
Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.
Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.
You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.
You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.
Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.
We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.
We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.
We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.
Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!
Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality
Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.
We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.
We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.
We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.
We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.