The most pressing global issue in the world today is food and security. Food security in Africa has become under great threat due to factors that are both natural and artificial, depending on the country. When people lack access to safe, healthy, affordable, and nutritious food that limits them from living a healthy life, the situation is referred to as food insecurity. Food insecurity in underdeveloped countries is mainly associated with government control over food. It is estimated that by 2050, the world population will be ranging from over 9 billion, which is 60% greater than the current one. The population will be high, and yet the same supply of the food will be available. The pressing issue is how the government will be able to deal with matters such as malnutrition, conflict, or even hunger. This paper proposes a plan that will address the issue of global food security in Nigeria that considers the impact of prior solutions. Factors that interrupt the flow of food from the source to the people in Nigeria, and the forms of technology can be used to improve food security will be discussed. New, existing, and emerging technological advancement address four main aspects of food security that is improving the fertility of the soil and irrigation, increase the availability of food, and finally biofortification making food more nutritious.
Keywords: Accessibility, Availability, Affordability, Food Insecurity
Food is an essential element required for human survival, together with shelter and clothing. The three elements are considered as the man’s basic need. Food security in Africa has become under huge threat due to factors that are both natural and artificial, depending on the country. A secure food country, as explained by Pinstrup-Anderson (2009), is one in which its people have access to safe, nutritious, and affordable food, which is the foundation of a healthy citizen. Food insecurity, therefore, arises when people lack access to safe, nutritious, and food for a healthy and productive life. The issue of food insecurity in developing countries is mainly associated with government control over food. Limiting food accessibility to nutritious food by the government leads to its shortage. This paper proposes a plan that will address the issue of global food security in Nigeria that considers the impact of prior solutions. Other factors that will be discussed are the factors that interrupt the flow of food from the source to the people in the developing country you selected, and the forms of technology can be used to reduce hunger and improve food security. Previous, current and emerging technological advancement help to address four main aspects of food security that is improving the fertility of the soil and irrigation, availability of food and making food more nutritious through use of biofortification.
According to Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations defines food security as ‘When all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” (Barrett, 2010)). Close to one billion people of the world’s population are hungry, undernourished, and lack access to adequate food. These people live below 2.5$ dollars a day with about 1. Billion people are living under extreme poverty that is below 1.25$ day (Barrett, 2010). Security impact more than the lives and welfare of human beings but also contributes significantly to the economic and political stability. According to food, insecure countries are mainly associated with unstable territories. The three core things associated with food security is food security, accessibility of food, and food adequacy (Nwajiuba, 2012). Food insecurity, therefore, arises when people lack access to access to safe, nutritious, and food for a healthy and productive life.
In Nigeria, Poverty is the root cause of food insecurity. United Nations estimated that nearly 805 million people are undernourished as of 2014. Most of these people loving in under developing countries whereby they are unable to meet their dietary energy requirements. While many countries across the globe are making a significant improvement in alleviating poverty, Africa, particularly sub-Sahara, African continue to la. Generally, demand for food is influenced by the rate of population growth in a country. According to Pinstrup-Anderson (2009), most countries with the majority of its people facing food insecurity have high fertility rates and high rate of population growth. The consequence is a challenge in meeting nutritional needs. It is expected that by 2050, even though the feature; city rates reduces, the population is expected to be more than double (Fasoyiro & Taiwo, 2012). Subsaharan Africa has the highest number of people with the lowest agricultural productivity and with most people living in poverty.
Nigeria, even though it prides itself with its economy becoming the largest in 2015, their rate of poverty growth in the country is alarming. More than seventy percent of people living in Nigeria are surviving on less tha a dollar per day while food insecurity stands at approximately 79% (Akpan, 2009). Since Nigeria discovered oil in the 1970s, the government concentrated its effort on oil and energy product and forgot about the agricultural sector since it could not withstand the economic sagacity oil industry. Nigeria, therefore, became heavily reliant on the importation of food. The rural areas have become more prone to malnutrition, limited supply of food, unaffordable food, low-quality food, and sometimes complete lack of food for consumption. According to Fasoyiro & Taiwo (2012), malnutrition is defined as the disparity between consumed and what the body requires, and it results in loss of weight, deficiency, impaired function, among other things to a human. Hemodialysis, which is a condition caused by malnutrition, is mainly affecting the under developing nations.
Insufficient food production in Nigeria is the leading cause of interrupting the flow of goods to the people. Nigeria has about seventy-five percent of its land suitable for agriculture, but only forty percent of its land is cultivated. According to Akpan (2009), the majority of the people in Nigeria engage in subsistent farming on their mill lands to feed their household. Akpan adds that 90% of Nigeria agricultural production is the output of inefficient small scale farmers (2009). Another factor that is interrupting the flow of food to the people is the reliability on seasonal rainfall. The country also has poor infrastructure such as roads which worsen rural poverty situation by creating adrift between the rural farmers and the market.
In Nigeria, insufficient policies and corruption also contribute to food insecurity. According to Nwajiuba (2012), inefficient policies, especially concerning agriculture, trade, and economics has resulted in food insecurity. The government has failed to develop and implement policies that have a connection to food. The structures, designs, and strategies implemented fail because they are not designed in consideration with the public interest.
Climate change and natural disaster have also caused food insecurity in Nigeria. According to Fasoyiro and Taiwo, climate change is responsible for the loss of biodiversity as well as physical access (2012). Climate change affects agricultural output and distribution of the product to the market. Despite innovation in technology, an increase in the food supply is highly dependent on climate and weather conditions. Also, natural calamity makes people in the developed country vulnerable to food insecurity. For instance, Nigeria experienced flooding between July and October 2012, which because of persistent rainfall, over 2.8 million people in the affected areas were displaced (Akpan, 2009). Food security in these regions due to low stock available and high prices for the available food.
To help with the continuous supply of food for the people living in Nigeria, the International community will need to continue supporting the country in such things as food aids. According to Ozor and Igbokwe (2007), the government of Nigeria can consider implementing policies and measures that ensure the accessibility of a continuous supply of food. A country like Nigeria that heavily depends on importation food can consider actions that will reduce the transaction cost of importing them or souring directly from the producing nations.
Widespread use of technology is critical in intensifying production of food. According to Ozor and Igbokwe (2007), technological advancement, and improving farming practices us ey to increase agricultural production, tackling the issue of climate resilience. Some of the options that Nigeria can opt to reduce food insecurity is by adopting transgenic crops. These crops are resistant to drought, insecticides, and reduced use of fertilizers. Due to land degradation in Nigeria, such crops will increase the productivity of food per area unit. Scholes (2012) add that using drought-resistant seed varieties, which is helpful to handle seasonal rainfall. Another technology is used of drip irrigation and precise application of fertilizers and agrochemicals. The farmers also need to adopt practices such as pest management, soil management, and improved watershed. Food accessibility can be enhanced through the use of post-harvest and processing technologies, while biofortification can be used to make food more nutritious (Beddington et al., 2012). The However, getting this technology to the farmers to help them in large scale production of food is not east However use of the technological approach is limited to scarcity in resources, the impact of greenhouse emission, deforestation, on other environmental illness. Widespread use of advanced technology is vital in increasing agricultural production in an environmentally sustainable manner.
In Conclusion, new, existing and emerging technological advancement address for central aspects of food security that is improving the fertility of the soil and irrigation, increase the availability of food, growing food accessibility through the use of post-harvest and processing technologies and biofortification making food more nutritious. However, harnessing such technologies requires massive investment and development of both human capital infrastructure and knowledge flows. Agricultural innovations are thus key to improving food security.
Pinstrup-Andersen, P., (2009). Food security: definition and measurement. Food security, 1(1), 5-7.
Barrett, C. B., (2010). Measuring food insecurity. Science, 327(5967), 825-828.
Ozor, N., & Igbokwe, E. M. (2007). Roles of agricultural biotechnology in ensuring adequate food security in developing societies. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6(14).
Beddington, J. R., Asaduzzaman, M., Clark, M. E., Bremauntz, A. F., Guillou, M. D., Jahn, M. M., … & Scholes, R. J. (2012). The role of scientists in tackling food insecurity and climate change. Agriculture & Food Security, 1(1), 10.
Nwajiuba, C., (2012). Nigeria’s agriculture and food security challenges. Available on www. boell. Org/downloads/4_Green_Deal_Nigeria_AGRICULTURE. Pdf.
Fasoyiro, S. B., & Taiwo, K. A., (2012). Strategies for increasing food production and food security in Nigeria. Journal of agricultural & food information, 13(4), 338-355.
Akpan, E. O., (2009, May). Oil resource management and food insecurity in Nigeria. In the European Report on Development (ERD) Conference in Accra, Ghana (pp. 21-23).
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.
Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.
Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.
Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.
Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.
Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.
We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.
Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.
You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.
Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.
Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.
You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.
You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.
Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.
We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.
We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.
We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.
Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!
Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality
Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.
We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.
We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.
We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.
We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.