The core values that support the existence of the justice system is pragmatism, liberty and fairness. There have been constant discussions, research and controversies in relation to the overall incarceration and justice system of the United States. A research conducted by the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC) department in 2010 with regards to the sentencing structure holds that some of the key factors that affect sentencing are racial background, prior record, exclusionary rule and increase in the number of homicide cases in the United States of America within the last decades. This paper expounds on these factors that have led to rapid changes within the sentencing structures and some of the changes that exist. Given that justice should be fair and equal to every citizen of the US, this research paper is in line with what happens within the system and how it affects the well-being of the people. Some of the major factors that led to the rapid changes within the sentencing structures of United States of America is the eradication of racism in the justice system, exclusionary rule which ensures the best treatment of the defendant with reference to the constitutional requirements and effects of the previous criminal records on the sentencing period if the defendant is guilty.
Today, about 2 million Americans are incarcerated within local prisons; this is a five hundred per cent increase within the last forty years (Ulmer, 2019). Despite the large numbers, there is an extensive imbalance in terms of the racial groups because the African Americans and Latinos account for sixty per cent of the total number of inmates. Evidently, racism and inequality is a factor that has led to changes in the sentence structure with the aim of achieving equality for everyone. Since the latter decades of the 20th century, the main objective of the correctional system is rehabilitation for various offenders. As a result, the judges are empowered with the ability to tailor sentences with regards to the offenders’ specific needs or circumstances (Ulmer, 2019). Therefore, this change ensures that an offender faces judgment with regards to its nature and not their racial background. In conclusion, if this practice is carried out successfully all over the nation then equality and fairness are attainable to every citizen.
Another major factor that has led to a change in the sentencing structure is the exclusionary rule. Specifically, it is this rule that prevents the judicial system or the government from using evidence that is gathered from the offender in violation of their rights and constitution (Ulmer, 2019). Before this law was in place, law enforcement officers would forcefully conduct seizures or searches to an extent of the defendants’ privacy violation. Today, sentencing can be reduced if the court determines that the evidence presented against the defendant was attained without a legal search warrant. However, evidence that is initially obtained unlawfully could be admissible if it is accessed through a constitutionally valid manner. Every defendant is always innocent until proven guilty; therefore, the exclusionary rule ensures that the rights of the defendants are considered despite the type of case or background of the offender (Ulmer, 2019). In most cases, the exclusionary law is the defendants’ remedy especially when the police officers conduct an unauthorized search.
The last crucial factor that affects sentencing today is the defendant’s prior criminal record. History of crime plays a key role when considering sentencing in all jurisdictions (Ulmer, 2019). Statutory enhancements for repetitive offences exist in the United States and there are harsher convictions for the recidivists. Various advocates responsible for the development of the constitution explain that over fifty per cent of the recidivists is likely to repeat a crime or offend someone else again. Consequently, longer sentencing is always an option for offenders with a greater likelihood to commit another offence. On the contrary, defendants with minimal or zero prior records will face limited time if they have to be convicted for their offences. Besides, most researchers and theorists support limited sentencing for first-time offenders. Despite the United States attaching importance to prior criminal information; there is an extensive diversity in the manner in which different systems define and minimize the use of previous criminal records.
In conclusion, some of the major factors that led to the rapid changes within the sentencing structures of United States of America is the eradication of unfairness and inequality that result from judgment based on racial backgrounds, exclusionary rule which ensures the best treatment of the defendant with reference to the constitutional requirements and effects of the previous criminal records on the sentencing period if the defendant is guilty. The justice system entails classification of set rules and regulations that are supposed to benefit every citizen equally. Over the decades there have been constant discussions, research and amendments in relation to the overall state of incarceration and the justice system in the United States. Some of the factors affecting sentencing favour some citizens while others indicate favouritism; for that reason, the government in conjunction with various responsible organizations should coordinate to ensure equality, fairness and appropriate action against offenders within the United States.
Ulmer, J. T. (2019). Criminal Courts as Inhabited Institutions: Making Sense of Difference and Similarity in Sentencing. Crime and Justice, 48(1), 000-000.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.
Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.
Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.
Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.
Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.
Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.
We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.
Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.
You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.
From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.
Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.
Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.
You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.
You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.
Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.
We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.
We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.
We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.
Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!
Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality
Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.
We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.
We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.
We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.
We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.